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Chemical Reaction: Embracing Phase Diagrams

By: Steve Herman
Posted: December 5, 2006, from the December 2006 issue of GCI Magazine.

page 4 of 4

Hot trends are always fun and exciting to ponder, but don’t ever forget the fundamentals. Phase diagrams provide powerful insight into personal care systems, telling us what happens when things are mixed together. Considering how chemists and formulators always are mixing things, it is hard to imagine cosmetic science without these marvelous triangles.


  1. S Friberg et al, Mesomorphous phases, a factor of importance for the properties of emulsions, J Coll Inter Sci, 29(1) (1969)
  2. G Barker, Sodium Stearate-based Sticks: Proposed Structure, Cosmet Toil, 102(10) (1987)
  3. Microemulsions & Cosmetics, Gattefossé publication CA 98421/A, (Dec 1998)
  4. B Brewster, Using Phase Diagrams to Follow Fragrance in an Emulsion, Cosmet Toil, 121(1) (2006)